The Official Ebola Thread

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shemp
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by shemp »

Abdul Alhazred wrote: Thu Jun 20, 2019 5:20 pm
sparks wrote: Thu Jun 20, 2019 3:58 pm Shemp said: "...suck dicks by the trainload."

That is sig worthy! :):) Just not my sig.

Christ on a fucking crutch but that is funny!
...
All it means is Shemp was in the US Navy. 8)
Hey, I "served my fellow man"!

I wish to add that I did not mean to disparage those who suck dicks for sexual pleasure, whatever their persuasion may be; there's nothing wrong with that, and they provide an important service to their fellow man. I meant to disparage those who haven't the intelligence of a box of fucking rocks and are bigger assholes than the one at goatse.cx.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by shemp »

You're no fun anymore! :D
"It is not I who is mad! It is I who is crazy!" -- Ren Hoek

"what dicking deep shit i produce" -- pillory

Freedom of choice
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Freedom from choice
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People are shitting themselves to death
Crap so much they fail to take a breath
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They thought Trump would throw them Charmin.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Skeeve »

Abdul Alhazred wrote: Fri Jun 21, 2019 1:36 am Fun's fun, but back to Ebola-chan. OK fellas?

NYT says time is running out.

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/19/opin ... congo.html
Ebola is ravaging the northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo, a country riven by violent conflict and neglected for decades by the international community. The World Health Organization has less than half of the $98 million it needs to confront the crisis. And the United States government has undermined its own experts with a slow-footed response and cumbersome aid restrictions.

More than 2,100 people have been infected in the current outbreak, first reported in August of last year, and nearly 1,500 of them have died. Those numbers still pale in comparison to the Ebola outbreak that began in 2014, during which more than 28,000 people were infected and more than 11,000 died. That’s in part because the current outbreak has benefited from a newly available Ebola vaccine and a quicker, better coordinated response from the World Health Organization.

But experts worry that the worst is yet to come. Hundreds of thousands of people are fleeing the region in response to ethnic violence, potentially carrying the virus far beyond Congo’s borders. The outbreak has already spread into neighboring Uganda; if it reaches South Sudan, a country dotted with refugee camps and teeming with instability, containment could become nearly impossible.

To prevent that from happening, health care workers will have to eradicate the deep mistrust within Congo’s borders. Rumors abound that the virus was brought to the country by aid workers or that it is a hoax devised by the country’s government to prevent certain districts from voting in the recent presidential election. Such suspicions have led many to avoid Ebola treatment centers, hide sick family members from foreign doctors and refuse to cooperate with other control measures.

The United States Agency for International Development, or U.S.A.I.D., says that the best way to combat this mistrust is for foreign aid workers to address other needs in the region in addition to combating Ebola. Most Congolese are more concerned with malaria, malnutrition and diarrheal diseases. Tackling these problems would go a long way toward building trust and make it easier to conquer Ebola in the long run.

However, such far-reaching programs were effectively prohibited last fall when the Trump administration restricted nonemergency aid to Congo. The administration said that the restriction was meant to penalize the country for its failure to curb human trafficking and that the Ebola response would not be affected. But it’s unclear whether any portion of U.S.A.I.D.’s more ambitious agenda will be allowed to proceed.

The administration would do well to lift that restriction. Even better: Congress could amend current human trafficking laws to prevent them from being weaponized in this way. Human trafficking is an abomination, but withholding development aid will hardly solve that crisis.

Last week, more than 10 months after Congo’s Ebola outbreak began, the Trump administration activated the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s emergency operations center. That’s a welcome move — it will enable the agency to quickly deploy many more resources to the crisis. But it would have been far more effective before hundreds of thousands of Congolese began fleeing the region.

The United States is not the only country that could do more to address the current crisis. The W.H.O. has been much more effective in this outbreak than during previous ones, but its efforts are still being stymied by a colossal funding shortfall. The organization’s decision-making body created a global contingency fund in 2015, after the last major Ebola outbreak, to avoid exactly this situation — but contributions to that fund have fallen far short of what is needed.

Were the W.H.O. to declare a “public health emergency of international concern,” it might help close the funding gap by drawing the world’s attention to the growing crisis. But the organization has repeatedly declined to do so and, according to critics, has not adequately explained the reasoning behind its decision.

If the current situation doesn’t qualify as a global health emergency, it’s hard to imagine what would.
From WaPo: Ebola has spread for nearly a year in Congo. Officials are scrambling to ‘reset’ the response.
BUTEMBO, Congo — A dozen young men revved their motor­cycle engines in front of the wooden gate of a makeshift checkpoint — too impatient to have their temperatures checked or to wash their hands with chlorinated water. Health workers manning the post had little choice but to let them pass.

Every day, thousands of people travel this road through the epicenter of Congo’s ongoing Ebola outbreak, where they are supposed to comply with field nurses toting gun-shaped thermometers testing for fevers. But that operation is far from perfect, and extinguishing the nearly year-old outbreak is months away at best. Days with a dozen new cases are normal.

“Ebola is like water. If you don’t build a perfect dam, even a small hole can lead to a flood of new cases,” said Marie Roseline Belizaire, the World Health Organization’s deputy manager for the response.
Health officials are confident the outbreak is not spiraling out of control but are worried the holes in that dam are opening up faster than they can plug them. Along the four international borders near the outbreak zone, hundreds of thousands of people move unimpeded from country to country each day using countless footpaths that save them the hassle of immigration authorities and, now, health checkpoints.

Although the WHO has repeatedly declined to declare a global health emergency, the countries surrounding Congo are scrambling to find a way to contain the virus.

Health workers fear the looming chance that Ebola could spread to the Congolese city of Goma, a provincial capital of more than 1 million where as many as 70,000 people cross the border with Rwanda each day.

“Given how connected Goma is, one case there could lead to hundreds of infections there and elsewhere in just a few days,” said Jean Felix Kinani, the WHO’s team leader for preparedness and readiness in the city. “We are already investigating every death in the city, swabbing every body. We are putting up a wall around Goma, with vaccines, mass communications, surveillance teams and chlorination and temperature checks at all entry points.”

Unlike past Ebola outbreaks in Congo, which occurred mostly in remote regions, this one more closely resembles the devastating Ebola epidemic in West Africa that killed more than 11,000 across three closely linked countries between 2014 and 2016. Belizaire said she sends urgent messages each week to colleagues in bordering countries, warning of a possible carrier of the virus headed their way.

Last week, the first confirmed cases of the virus were found to have crossed from Congo to Uganda before being quickly contained. Thousands of health workers are being vaccinated at Congo’s borders with Uganda, Rwanda and South Sudan, and soon will be in Burundi, too. Contacts of confirmed cases have traveled as far as Dubai and China before they have been tracked down.

As the outbreak continues to grow, authorities are resetting their response to take into account the challenges that “the most complex environment imaginable for an Ebola outbreak” poses, said David Gressly, the United Nations’ recently appointed emergency response coordinator.

People in the area cross borders regularly, in part, because they are so arbitrary — quite literally lines drawn in the dirt by colonial powers that resulted in families, ethnic communities and economically interlocked regions becoming different countries.

That the virus has been contained to a relatively small area within Congo’s North Kivu and Ituri provinces is a testament to the extensive amount of work that has been done. More than 65 million impromptu health checkups have been conducted at checkpoints scattered across this densely populated region since the outbreak began in August.

Still, more than 2,000 people have been infected during the outbreak, two-thirds of whom have died. Even in the best-case scenario put forth by WHO officials, the outbreak has at least three months left before it can be extinguished — the duration of entire previous outbreaks in Congo.

Some health officials outside of the WHO and Congo’s Health Ministry, which are leading the response, see the scaling-up underway as welcome, if late.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has activated its own emergency operations center for the outbreak, but the U.S. presence on the ground is extremely limited, as CDC workers are barred from deploying to the zone of active infection for extended periods, partly because of security concerns stemming from ongoing clashes there.

U.S. officials have stressed that the response needs a reset. They say the indicators show the outbreak moving in the wrong direction, pointing to the high number of new cases that were not known contacts or being monitored; the persistence of infections occurring in health-care settings, including of more than 115 health workers; and the fact that nearly half of recent recorded Ebola deaths are occurring in communities rather than at health facilities.

In an interview at Goma’s airport before he made his ninth trip to the outbreak zone, WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus acknowledged that the response needed “constant resetting.” But he said that he felt that health workers were doing almost all they could, and that the biggest obstacle to success was the region’s fraught political dynamics.

“This Ebola should have been finished many months ago. So what is failing? It is the political environment. Ebola cannot be seen in isolation from politics,” he said.

Last week, Tedros met with ruling party and opposition leaders in Congo’s capital, but neither Congo’s president nor high-profile politicians in North Kivu have yet taken a prominent role in encouraging locals to cooperate with health workers.

Festering mistrust has hampered the response, prolonging the outbreak, and even provoked lethal attacks against health workers. The violent pushback stems, in part, from a conflict that has plagued North Kivu for more than 25 years. From the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s, the region suffered through vicious ethnic violence, sparked by the genocide in neighboring Rwanda, and people in the area are wary of outsiders.

“At the start, people believed this was a new strategy to exterminate them. The virus, to them, was like a new kind of bomb,” said Edouard Valumbira, the president of a local committee to support the Ebola response outside the sprawling city of Butembo, which for many months witnessed the most rapid spreading of the virus.

“Communities in North Kivu are engaged in self-preservation against each other — that is why Ebola is seen firstly as a weapon,” he said.

Valumbira has been attacked because of his work three times, and his house was partly burned down by a mob that accused him of betraying the Nande people, Butembo’s majority group. He says that his community’s concerns are understandable and that suspicions have only risen as the outbreak stretches on.

“All these groups have been here for 10 months spending huge amounts of money and the disease is still here. That makes people confused what their purpose is. They don’t think Ebola is a weapon anymore,” he said. “They now see it as a business.”

When the outbreak began, foreigners were rare in Butembo, and $60 a month was considered a high salary in town, Valumbira said. Now the WHO will pay $10 a day for janitorial work. People are leaving other essential jobs, including as teachers and police officers, for lucrative temporary jobs with the response.

Money is pouring in from all sides. The WHO, UNICEF and the Health Ministry are renting 650 vehicles from locals at a cost of $1.8 million a month, which one driver, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because he feared losing his job, said is double the old market rate.

“The local economy has been undone in less than a year. Butembo is now a place with big inequalities and rivalries,” said Valumbira. “Some people who don’t like it say, ‘If the foreigners spent all that money on medicine, this whole thing would have been finished a long time ago.’ ”

Gressly, the U.N.’s new head of response, said that he intends to initiate a “real dialogue” with communities but that the web of financial entanglements was a difficult dilemma. The WHO says it needs $54 million more to stop the outbreak, but more important than the money, Gressly said, is stopping interruptions to the response effort.

After the motorcyclists barged their way through the checkpoint, the health workers there — who work for the International Organization for Migration, a U.N. body — said part of the reason perfect monitoring of movement is so difficult is that they fear reprisals from the community. Last month, an argument at an Ebola victim’s funeral devolved into a shootout, and the checkpoint was torn down in retribution.

On a recent day, young men in the back of a truck shouted “Hapana Ebola!” — “No Ebola!” — at a reporter about 100 yards from the checkpoint.

“Rumors, conspiracies, arguments, jealousy, real grievances — it is all here,” said Eric Kilambu, who oversees the checkpoint. “That’s why I don’t wear my WHO vest anymore. I need to blend in for my safety.”
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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CDC: Test results don’t suggest infectious disease killed Fort Worth couple in Fiji
Nearly a month after David and Michelle Paul died following an unexplained illness on vacation in Fiji, the Centers for Disease Control has announced preliminary test results don’t indicate an infectious disease is to blame.
...
Calanog, who lives near Las Vegas, talked to CDC representatives on Friday morning and learned preliminary results don’t indicate an infectious disease is what killed his daughter. He said he was surprised.

“In the end, I want the root cause of death,” Calanog said. “If it’s not an infectious disease, what is it?”
...
The CDC, he said, told him it could take a couple more weeks for there to be a full report.
...
The bodies of David and Michelle can’t be released back to the U.S. until a cause of death is determined. If it turns out they were killed by an infectious disease, their bodies would have to be cremated or kept inside hermetically sealed bags for the shipment, Calanog said.

Should Michelle’s body be allowed to come back to the U.S., Calanog said, he wants to set up an independent autopsy to be conducted.

“I would like to see more evidence,” he said.
Sounds as if he is not buying it....

:Popcorn:
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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FG orders total health surveillance at ports, borders to guard against Ebola
HEALTH NEWS NIGERIA
The Director, Media and Public Relations, Federal Ministry of Health, Mrs Boade Akinola says the Federal Government has ordered a total health surveillance at ports, borders to guard against Ebola. She made this known in a statement issued on Friday in Abuja.

She said that the Permanent Secretary of the ministry, Mr Abdulaziz Mashi, gave the directive in Lagos while inspecting health facilities at the Murtala Muhammed International Airport, Lagos.

The permanent secretary with some directors from the ministry, and Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) inspected the health facilities.

She added that the inspection was to ascertain the level of preparedness in case of any emergency following the rumored Ebola threats in Lagos.
Taking no chances???
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ed
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by ed »

Would doing the same at our borders be racist?
This space for let
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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U.S. turns to Mutombo to deliver Ebola message
NEW YORK -- Unable to send disease fighters to help battle one of the deadliest Ebola outbreaks in history, U.S. health officials are turning to basketball Hall of Famer Dikembe Mutombo for help.

Mutombo, regarded as one of the greatest defensive players in NBA history and a well-known philanthropist in his native Congo, recorded radio and video spots designed to persuade people to take precautions and get care that might stop the disease's spread.
...
The new spots were recorded in Kiswahili, French and Lingala. They talk about recognizing the early signs of Ebola, early treatment and prevention measures.
Well, here's hoping...
:fingers-crossed:

However, this is what his message is up against...
Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 24 June 2019 – “You can’t take my son away because I know you will go kill him. You will inject him with Ebola. That’s what everybody here knows.”

This response from an angry father, faced with the possibility that his son would be moved from a local hospital to an Ebola Treatment Centre, reflects the reality of containing an epidemic in an area where folklore, rumour and suspicion of outsiders abound.
Link: https://reliefweb.int/report/democratic ... rful-ebola
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Rob Lister »

Shouldn't you get off your couch and go investigate this personally? I appreciate all your very extremely many links that nobody reads but we need your on-site reporting. I'm not saying your links to this and Venezuela are boring ... well, let's just say you should go personally to make it more interesting.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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I think ed should go. He's old and expendable.
"It is not I who is mad! It is I who is crazy!" -- Ren Hoek

"what dicking deep shit i produce" -- pillory

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People are shitting themselves to death
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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Image

That will work.

--J.D.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Anaxagoras »

Dikembe?
A fool thinks himself to be wise, but a wise man knows himself to be a fool.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Skeeve »

Ebola total climbs to 2,277...

I thought it was just around 1500 just last week....

:shock:

And one aside: The Massive ‘Pig Ebola’ Epidemic Will Give Trump Big Leverage In His Trade Standoff With China

Interesting they are calling it "pig ebola" again, they had refered to it as 'swine flu" not all that long ago...
Chinese pig Ebola is a severe and highly virulent disease nearly always fatal to hogs but purportedly harmless to humans. The virus moves effortlessly between pigs and can stay alive for great time and distances in feed, workers’ clothing, equipment, ticks, and mud. There is no vaccine nor cure. Previous outbreaks have been extremely destructive and difficult to control. According to the British Veterinary Association, CPE “is an acute viral hemorrhagic fever which, in domestic pigs and wild boar, results in case fatalities approaching 100 per cent.”
...
China is both the world’s largest producer and consumer of pork, at around 50% of the world’s pork supply and 20% of the world’s animal protein supply. The global cross-border trade in pork (i.e., total global exports) only constitute 15% of Chinese demand. If the worst-case scenarios come true and nearly the entire Chinese hog herd is affected, then China will need to import massive amounts of U.S. pork, regardless of the state of U.S.-China trade talks.
A good thing for them that someone during the Barry (no balls) Obama administration days decided it was a good idea that a Chinese company would buy one of our biggest pork producers...
(LINK:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smithfiel ... y_WH_Group)

So perhaps not as much leverage as they thought?
Oh well...
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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Shit happens Skeeve.

And Michelle is still hot while Mrs. Orange Fucktard is still a bought and paid for skank. Kinda like her fat, fugly fuckin piece of shit for brains psychopath husband actually.

But it was Chaos' turn.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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You actually think Michelle was not kept?

How naïve you are.

--J.D.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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I don't know.



Do you?

Evidences please.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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You are the one having a most embarrassing hate-laden temper-tantrum without evidence, son.

Now you complain when someone plays it better than you?

Are you a Jets fan?

--J.D.
Mob of the Mean: Free beanie, cattle-prod and Charley Fan Club!
"Doctor X is just treating you the way he treats everyone--as subhuman crap too dumb to breathe in after you breathe out." – Don
DocX: FTW. – sparks
"Doctor X wins again." – Pyrrho
"Never sorry to make a racist Fucktard cry." – His Humble MagNIfIcence
"It was the criticisms of Doc X, actually, that let me see more clearly how far the hypocrisy had gone." – clarsct
"I'd leave it up to Doctor X who has been a benevolent tyrant so far." – Grammatron
"Indeed you are a river to your people.
Shit. That's going to end up in your sig." – Pyrrho
"Try a twelve step program and accept Doctor X as your High Power." – asthmatic camel
"just like Doc X said." – gnome

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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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No. Don't care for sports much at all, but I get your point.

Thanks.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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It is fine.

I use the "Jets" and "hiLARiOUs SPORTZ" analogies, because discourse should really not be at the level of Fanboy Bitch Fests where it is all, "YOUR TEAM SUCKS!" "NO! YOUR TEAM SUCKS!!!!"

Oddly enough a weird British show I have referenced did a whole episode on soccer hooliganism which makes MFY v THE GLORIOUS WORLD CHAMPION RED SOX conflicts seem mundane. There is class and religion involved--as it use to be in 'murica actually--which breeds a lot of hate for "Those People" who support that team. The DCI investigating a murder notes that the victim, "was a City Fan which means it's justifiable homicide."

And that is how pointless it is. BECAUSE Anax SUCK BUTT-FUMBLE DI you wear a particularly scarf all opinions, evidence-based or not, are therefore invalid.

You do not have to "love Trump." But spewing hate at his wife is, well, like spewing hate at Michelle Obama. They did not ask our opinion regarding marrying and spawning with either of their husbands, or, in the case of Michelle, the homeless dude [Stop that!--Ed.]

Certainly, both can merit criticism if they open their mouths and say something actually stupid. Michelle has done that a little bit, but more so since her husband left office.

However, go back in time, to a pleasant village Winden in Germany . . . no . . . wait . . . back when President Bubba was in the process of screwing everything that moves. There was, for a brief moment, some sympathy for Her Turn Hillary. I wish I could remember which elderly commentator ended his rant with, "and Hillary does not deserve this."

Then she blamed the victims.

That is the difference. Hillary came out and tried to be a part of the administration. So she merited criticism. She would also merit support in some matters. That is a matter of debate.

So if Melania wishes to come out and support juicing "as a healthy alternative to vaccination" then, yes, she should be criticized for that.

Otherwise . . . you become Fireman Ed.

--J.D.
Mob of the Mean: Free beanie, cattle-prod and Charley Fan Club!
"Doctor X is just treating you the way he treats everyone--as subhuman crap too dumb to breathe in after you breathe out." – Don
DocX: FTW. – sparks
"Doctor X wins again." – Pyrrho
"Never sorry to make a racist Fucktard cry." – His Humble MagNIfIcence
"It was the criticisms of Doc X, actually, that let me see more clearly how far the hypocrisy had gone." – clarsct
"I'd leave it up to Doctor X who has been a benevolent tyrant so far." – Grammatron
"Indeed you are a river to your people.
Shit. That's going to end up in your sig." – Pyrrho
"Try a twelve step program and accept Doctor X as your High Power." – asthmatic camel
"just like Doc X said." – gnome

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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Skeeve »

Meanwhile back in the DRC...
Donors look to retool response as Ebola outbreak grows
...
More health worker infections

Two of the 12 cases confirmed yesterday involved health workers, the DRC health ministry said, one in Mabalako and one in Butembo. One of them was vaccinated, but officials did not specify how long ago.

The unvaccinated healthcare worker died in the community after refusing to be followed up. Community deaths—those that occur outside a healthcare setting—raise the risk of disease spread.

At least 125 healthcare workers have now contracted Ebola in the DRC, with at least 40 of them dying, the health ministry said.
So apparently the protective protocols they are (or should have been) following were not enough.
Or (scary version) perhaps this strain of Ebola may also be air born....
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Skeeve »

Here comes summer.....

‘This is a warning sign’ Fears Ebola could go global amid struggle to contain epidemic
FEARS have been raised that Ebola could spread far beyond the border of the Congo amid a battle to contain the disease. Professor Steven Hatch, of the University of Massachusetts Medical School, warned there is the potential for the deadly virus to spread at an unprecedented rate.

So far, the latest outbreak, which has mainly affected the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) but recently spread to Uganda, has killed at least 1,500 people – making it the second deadliest outbreak of it ever.

But Professor Hatch warned it could get worse.

Writing in the Conversation, he said: “The vaccine keeps the current outbreak partially in check, while instability prevents its eradication.

“By contrast, the West African outbreak of 2014–15 rose with such unprecedented speed that it dominated world headlines for nearly four months between August and October of 2014.

“The alarm it generated led to the international response that helped contain it; today’s DRC outbreak has not resulted in the same alarm.

“The longer Ebola persists in the DRC, the more likely an improbable event will occur – like the spread of the virus beyond the borders of the DRC, or perhaps much further beyond its borders.

“The spread into Uganda may simply be a warning sign.”
...and the heat and humidity fest is just beginning....
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by shemp »

Well, if 80% of the world's population were to die, the survivors can probably stop worrying about global warming.
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Doctor X
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Doctor X »

Ebola-chan comes to a city of more than a million people:
The health ministry confirmed that a pastor tested positive for the virus in a centre in Goma after arriving there by bus on Sunday.

The ministry says that risk of the disease spreading is low.

More than 1,600 people have died since the Ebola outbreak began in eastern DR Congo a year ago.

The pastor travelled 200 km (125 miles) to Goma by bus from Butembo, where he had been with people with Ebola.

The health ministry said in a statement: "Due to the speed with which the patient has been identified and isolated, as well as the identification of all passengers from Butembo, the risk of spreading to the rest of the city of Goma remains low."

It said that the bus driver and 18 other passengers would be vaccinated on Monday.

Bugger'd by Colonists
Okay, so why was a pastor who visited people with ebola-chan not vaccinated? I am afraid the WHO Statement is not very convincing other than, "well, like, "ring vaccination" where they claim that it is not completely like fully you know definitely studied so, like, smallpox eradication. This is particularly surprising since the WHO calls for the vaccination of at risk populations.

People visiting patience with ebola are rather "at risk" by any definition.

"Cost?" you ask?

Ask Your Mom since there does not appear to be any information available on t3h g00gl3z searching.

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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Rob Lister »

Unless it is free, it's too expensive for 99% of the at-risk population. I really don't expect the at-risk government to give too much of a damn quickly enough anyway. They will react rather than proact. The U.S. is stockpiling $1 billion worth of the stuff. I expect that will yield about 50 doses.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Witness »

Measles is killing more people in the DRC than Ebola—and faster

"Frankly, I am embarrassed to talk only about Ebola," WHO director-general says.

As the world anxiously monitors the outbreak of Ebola in Democratic Republic of the Congo, health officials note that a measles outbreak declared last month in the country has killed more people—mostly children—and faster.

Since January 2019, officials have recorded over 100,000 measles cases in the DRC, mostly in children, and nearly 2,000 have died. The figures surpass those of the latest Ebola outbreak in the country, which has tallied not quite 2,500 cases and 1,665 deaths since August 2018. The totals were noted by World Health Organization Director-General, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, in a speech today, July 15, at the United Nations Office in Geneva, Switzerland.

"Frankly, I am embarrassed to talk only about Ebola," Dr. Tedros said (he goes by his first name). He gave the speech in response to two new developments in the Ebola outbreak. That is that two Ebola responders were murdered in their home in the DRC city of Beni and that officials on Sunday had identified the first case of Ebola in Goma, a DRC city of over one million at the border with Rwanda.

"Both of these events encapsulate the challenges we continue to face on a daily basis in DRC," he said. Tedros was referring to the scattering of disease—including Ebola and measles—as violence hampers outbreak responses and access to medical care. Since January, officials have counted 198 attacks on health responders, which left seven dead and 58 healthcare workers and patients injured.
https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/07 ... nd-faster/
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Skeeve »

Ebola outbreak in Congo declared a global health emergency
GENEVA (AP) — The deadly Ebola outbreak in Congo is now an international health emergency, the World Health Organization announced Wednesday after a case was confirmed in a city of 2 million people .

A WHO expert committee declined on three previous occasions to advise the United Nations health agency to make the declaration for this outbreak, even though other experts say it has long met the required conditions. More than 1,600 people have died since August in the second-deadliest Ebola outbreak in history, which is unfolding in a region described as a war zone.

A declaration of a global health emergency often brings greater international attention and aid, along with concerns that nervous governments might overreact with border closures.

Full Coverage: Ebola virus
The declaration comes days after a single case was confirmed in Goma, a major regional crossroads in northeastern Congo on the Rwandan border, with an international airport. Also, a sick Congolese fish trader traveled to Uganda and back while symptomatic — and later died of Ebola.

While the risk of regional spread remains high, the risk outside the region remains low, WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said after the announcement in Geneva.

The international emergency “should not be used to stigmatize or penalize the very people who are most in need of our help,” he said. Tedros insisted that the declaration was not made to raise more money — even though WHO estimated “hundreds of millions” of dollars would be needed to stop the epidemic.

Dr. Joanne Liu, president of Doctors Without Borders, said she hoped the emergency designation would prompt a radical reset of Ebola response efforts.

“The reality check is that a year into the epidemic, it’s still not under control, and we are not where we should be,” she said. “We cannot keep doing the same thing and expect different results.”

Liu said vaccination strategies should be broadened and that more efforts should be made to build trust within communities.

The U.S. Agency for International Development applauded the WHO decision and said USAID officials would “continue to scale up life-saving support” to end the outbreak.

This is the fifth such declaration in history. Previous emergencies were declared for the devastating 2014-16 Ebola outbreak in West Africa that killed more than 11,000 people, the emergence of Zika in the Americas, the swine flu pandemic and polio.

WHO defines a global emergency as an “extraordinary event” that constitutes a risk to other countries and requires a coordinated international response. Last month, the outbreak spilled across the border for the first time when a family brought the virus into Uganda after attending the burial in Congo of an infected relative. Even then, the expert committee advised against a declaration.

Alexandra Phelan, a global health expert at Georgetown University Law Center, said Wednesday’s declaration was long overdue.

“This essentially serves as a call to the international community that they have to step up appropriate financial and technical support,” she said but warned that countries should be wary of imposing travel or trade restrictions.

Such restrictions “would actually restrict the flow of goods and health care workers into affected countries so they are counterproductive,” she said. Future emergency declarations might be perceived as punishment and “might result in other countries not reporting outbreaks in the future, which puts us all at greater risk.”

WHO had been heavily criticized for its sluggish response to the West Africa outbreak, which it repeatedly declined to declare a global emergency until the virus was spreading explosively in three countries and nearly 1,000 people were dead. Internal documents later showed WHO held off partly out of fear a declaration would anger the countries involved and hurt their economies.

The organization’s emergency committee will meet again within three months to assess the situation. Committee members will review whether the outbreak is still a global emergency and whether other measures are needed.

Wednesday’s announcement prompted fear in eastern Congo, where many do business across borders and travel overseas.

“I am vaccinated and I protect myself against Ebola,” said Zoe Kibwana, a 46-year-old shoe salesman who does business in Uganda, just 70 kilometers (40 miles) from Beni. “Closing the borders would handicap our economy. The health ministry and WHO need to end this epidemic as soon as possible.”

The current outbreak is spreading in a turbulent Congo border region where dozens of rebel groups are active and where Ebola had not been experienced before. Efforts to contain the virus have been hurt by mistrust among wary locals that has prompted deadly attacks on health workers. Some infected people have deliberately evaded health authorities.

The pastor who brought Ebola to Goma used several fake names to conceal his identity on his way to the city, Congolese officials said. WHO on Tuesday said the man had died and health workers were scrambling to trace dozens of his contacts, including those who had traveled on the same bus.

Congo’s minister of health resisted the characterization of the outbreak as a health emergency.

“We accept the decision of the committee of experts but one hopes that it’s a decision that wasn’t made under pressure of certain groups that want to use this as a way to raise funds for certain humanitarian actors,” said Dr. Oly Ilunga.

Those working in the field say the outbreak is clearly taking a turn for the worse despite advances that include the widespread use of an experimental but effective Ebola vaccine.

Dr. Maurice Kakule was one of the first people to survive the current outbreak after he fell ill while treating a woman last July, before the outbreak had even been declared.

“What is clear is that Ebola is an emergency because the epidemic persists despite every possible effort to educate people,” he told the Geneva meeting.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Witness »

In Congo, a New Plan to Fight Ebola Follows a Government Power Struggle

After the resignation of the country’s health minister, the president will take over the response to the epidemic and distribute a new vaccine.

Faced with a lethal Ebola outbreak threatening eastern Africa, public health officials are conceding that their battle plan is failing and have proposed a comprehensive new strategy for containing the virus.

It envisions reframing the epidemic as a regional humanitarian crisis, not simply a health emergency. That may include more troops or police to quell the murders and arson that have made medical work difficult, as well as food aid to win over skeptical locals.

The Democratic Republic of Congo also plans to deploy a second vaccine to form a protective “curtain” of immunity around outbreak areas.

The outbreak, which began a year ago in Congo and was declared a global health emergency this month, is now the second-biggest in history, with more than 2,600 cases and more than 1,750 dead. It has persisted in part because of a fierce but hidden power struggle within Congo’s government for control of the response, according to documents obtained by The New York Times and interviews with Ebola experts.

The country’s health minister, Dr. Oly Ilunga, resigned on Monday after a public dispute with donors at a meeting in Geneva over whether to roll out the second vaccine, which he opposed. The containment effort will no longer be overseen by the health ministry but by an expert committee reporting directly to Congo’s new president, Felix Tshisekedi.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/26/heal ... frica.html
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Doctor X »

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Half of Ebola cases in DR Congo 'unidentified'

Only about 50% of cases of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo are being identified, the government's response co-ordinator has said.

Jean-Jacques Muyembe warned that the current deadly outbreak could last up to three years.

He said a man who died this week in the city of Goma, on the Rwandan border, had 10 children and had infected a number of people.

The Ebola outbreak has killed more than 1,800 people in the past year.

At least 2,700 people have been infected in the worst Ebola outbreak in the DR Congo's history.

Tackling the disease has also been complicated by conflict in the region.

["Snip!" – Ed.]

Speaking about the latest victim in Goma, a gold miner, he [Muyembe – Ed.] said that the man "will have contaminated several people".

"But for the moment it is only his wife and one of his 10 children who are sick," Mr Muyembe said.

He added that the miner's sister had travelled [Sic – Ed.] to South Kivu province, but was quickly located and brought back to Goma.

["Snip!" – Ed.]

Efforts to control the outbreak have been hampered by violence against healthcare workers and Ebola treatment facilities. Seven people have been killed and 58 injured in 198 attacks this year.

A major problem has been the distrust of healthcare workers. As a result, about a third of Ebola deaths have not been at specialist treatment centres but in the community, where there is a greater risk of the disease spreading to neighbours and relatives.

["Snip!" – Ed.]

[Vaccine – Ed.] It is 99% effective and more than 161,000 people have received it.

["Snip!" – Ed.]

People give a variety of reasons for not taking the vaccine, including:

They may have religious beliefs that do not permit them to take vaccines
They may think they do not need it
They may not believe in Ebola

The vaccine, made by Merck, was developed during the epidemic in West Africa and has been available throughout the latest outbreak.

It has proven effective but is in relatively short supply, so the WHO has recommended a second vaccine made by Johnson & Johnson to complement it.

Bugger'd by ebola-Chan
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Skeeve »

Is Ebola Evolving Into a More Deadly Virus?
This July, the World Health Organization declared that an outbreak of Ebola in the provinces of Ituri and North-Kivu, in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, was a “public health emergency of international concern.” This particular strain of the virus, which first appeared in the region in 2018 and hasn’t been given a formal name—I’ll call it Kivu Ebola—is a variant of a species known as the Zaire Ebola virus. As of last Saturday, 2,753 cases of Kivu Ebola have been reported, with 1,843 deaths. There appear to be many undiscovered cases in the region, too. Ella Watson-Stryker, a social scientist with Doctors Without Borders, who has been studying the outbreak, said that around half of all Ebola patients admitted to treatment centers in eastern Congo aren’t part of any known chain of transmission. In other words, the infected person has caught Ebola from somebody whom disease investigators haven’t yet identified. “A lot of transmission is not being seen, but nobody knows the exact amount,” Watson-Stryker told me.

Ebola virus is a microscopic parasite that replicates inside the cells of a host. The outbreak in eastern Congo began more than a year ago, in or near a town called Mangina, when a few particles of Ebola virus apparently moved out of some wild creature, Ebola’s natural host—in this case, probably a bat—and entered the bloodstream of an as yet unidentified person. From that person, the virus began spreading through the local population. Ebola can overwhelm the human immune system in a matter of days. Symptoms typically include vomiting, diarrhea, coughing, rash, dementia, hemorrhages, and hiccups. Death occurs like the slamming of a door, when the patient abruptly goes into shock.

The Kivu Ebola outbreak area is in a conflict zone, beset by armed militias and ethnic violence. Local people often don’t trust the international medical organizations that run the Ebola treatment centers. There have been at least a hundred and ninety-four attacks on local health workers, seven of whom have been killed. Watson-Stryker, the researcher, said that social media complicates containment and treatment efforts. Conspiracy theories about medical workers and false information about how the virus is spread are ricocheting around popular platforms like WhatsApp. “The problem is the post-factual reality that exists in social media,” she said.
An effective experimental vaccine for Ebola exists, and more than a hundred and seventy-five thousand people have received it. Even so, the virus is finding new victims and extending its geographic range. Three cases of Ebola recently appeared in Uganda, and there have now been four cases in the Congolese city of Goma, which has roughly two million residents and is situated on the border with Rwanda. The W.H.O. recently estimated that more than two hundred million dollars in emergency funding would be needed to bring the virus under control. That money hasn’t been raised yet.

An Ebola particle is a very small, filament-shaped object, made of six different structural proteins. Ebola’s genetic code, or genome, is contained in a strand of ribonucleic acid, or RNA, that is coiled tightly in the core of the particle. The genome, which has some nineteen thousand letters in it, holds the master designs of Ebola’s proteins.

RNA viruses—which range from Ebola to measles and influenza— tend to produce errors, or mutations, in their code when they copy themselves. Most mutations are either bad for the virus or have no effect on it. Every now and then, however, a virus gets a mutation that benefits it. In fact, the production of errors during copying plays an important role in the long-term survival of viruses. As time goes by and the virus makes inaccurate copies of itself, slightly different varieties of the virus arise. The different varieties are called lineages. They can be imagined as moths of the same species whose wings are slightly different colors. Some wing colors help a moth camouflage itself more effectively, be eaten less often by predators, and survive longer than moths of other colors. Those types of moths go on to reproduce successfully, while moths of other colors eventually die out, until the population of moths has changed color entirely. This is the process of evolution.

Considered as a life-form, the Kivu Ebola isn’t a single organism but, rather, an immense swarm of particles that jumps from victim to victim. Each particle in the swarm possesses a biological drive to copy itself. As the particles copy themselves, they compete with all the other particles for survival. Ebola particles copy themselves every eighteen hours. This is the generation time of the virus—the time it takes for a particle of Ebola to get inside a human cell and potentially create thousands of identical copies of itself in the cell. The copies then exit the infected cell and drift into the bloodstream, infecting more cells. Early in the disease, Ebola patients tend to get sicker in downward lurches. In some patients, the lurches are spaced roughly eighteen hours apart, as each new generation of particles floods the body. An infected person’s bodily fluids are lethally infectious, because they are filled with Ebola particles. If some of those particles get into new people, the virus spreads.

By now, the Kivu Ebola swarm has been going through its eighteen-hour replication cycle in humans for more than a year. Some virologists wonder whether Kivu Ebola could start evolving, or whether it has already started to evolve, in a way that makes it more dangerous to people—perhaps by becoming more contagious, in which case it would get much harder to control. These questions introduce a new aspect to the international emergency.

During the Ebola epidemic that ravaged West Africa in 2014 and 2015, that form of Ebola showed possible signs of evolving. Virologists are still trying to determine the significance of what happened. The epidemic began in a village in Guinea, in December, 2013, when some particles of Ebola apparently went from a bat into a small boy. That strain of the virus, now referred to as Makona Ebola, killed the boy and most of his family, and then began spreading. In the end, around thirty thousand people were infected and more than eleven thousand died before Makona Ebola was finally brought under control and eliminated from the human population. (There were eleven cases in the United States.)

As the epidemic progressed, a team of researchers, led by Pardis Sabeti, a genomic scientist at Harvard and the Broad Institute, studied the genetic code of various samples of Ebola taken from the blood of people who had been infected. They found that the virus began mutating as soon as it got into people. “From the outset, I was intrigued by the large number of mutations we found,” Sabeti told me. Makona Ebola quickly developed into several basic varieties. Then, in late May, 2014, one of the lineages took off like a wildfire and spread rapidly all over Sierra Leone and Liberia. This lineage is named the A82V Makona Variant of Ebola. For simplicity, I’ll call it the Makona mutant. The majority of patients in the epidemic were infected with the Makona mutant, including all eleven individuals in the United States. Meanwhile, the other lineages of Ebola died out. It seemed that the Makona mutant had somehow beaten them in a contest for survival.

Sabeti and other research groups noted that the change in the code of the Makona mutant happened in a single letter, which was part of the genetic recipe that causes the Ebola particle to be covered in roughly three hundred soft, squishy knobs. The knobs, called glycoproteins, are essential for the particle’s survival; they help it stick to cells and get inside cells, where it can reproduce. Sabeti wondered if the change in the knob protein could help this particular lineage of Ebola survive and prosper. “The mutation showed up at an inflection point in the outbreak, just as the outbreak exploded,” Sabeti said. “This was really intriguing.” It seemed that there might be something different about the knobs on the outside of the Makona mutant.

In 2016, a research team at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, led by a doctor named Jeremy Luban, ran some experiments on the Makona-knob protein. The team found that the knobs on the Makona mutant were four to five times better at invading human cells than those on the earlier strain of Makona. The Makona mutant stuck to human cells like a magnet, and the knobs seemed able to open a cell’s outer membrane, with the ease of a slide opening the teeth of a zipper, to allow the virus inside. “But what the significance of this mutation is for the outbreak, and how deadly this virus is, are still open questions,” Luban told me. “In biology, there is almost no such thing as proof.” Luban is planning more experiments to try to find out whether the Makona mutant was, in fact, more devastating or contagious than its predecessor.

A British team led by a virologist at the University of Nottingham named Jonathan Ball found that the Makona mutant seemed to be around twice as infectious in human cells than the earlier version of the virus had been. It also was less infectious in bat cells. The Makona mutant seemed to be evolving away from bats and turning into a virus suited for human cells. “I wasn’t at all surprised by this,” Ball said. “If you put a virus in a different system, you quickly see that the virus adapts to the new environment. I was surprised that other people were surprised.” Ball stressed that the experiments had been done in test tubes, using knobs of Ebola grafted onto a harmless virus. “We can’t show how the [real] virus will actually behave in a human,” he said. “You can’t do that experiment.” Many scientists, including Ball and Luban, aren’t so sure that the Makona mutant was any more dangerous than any other form of Ebola. The Makona mutant most likely spread far and wide because of social and behavioral factors, but it may have spread faster and more widely than it would have otherwise because of a change in one part of its genome.

What about the Kivu Ebola? The violence in the outbreak area makes doing scientific research there difficult. Nevertheless, a Congolese team of genomic researchers at the National Institute for Biomedical Research, at the University of Kinshasa, working with international colleagues, has been collecting blood samples from the outbreak and reading the genetic code of the Ebola. The Kivu Ebola, so far, has mutated into four lineages. Three of the four are active in the population. The swarm is exploring people’s immune systems and jumping from one victim to the next. So far, none of the three active varieties has become dominant. “The virus has been brewing in that area for a while,” Sabeti said. “If you give Ebola enough time to transmit from human to human, then an unpredictable event can occur. How likely is it that Ebola could change suddenly? We don’t have a good answer to that question.”
...
Right now, there may be around six hundred people in eastern Congo who have Kivu Ebola particles replicating in their bodies. As Ebola re-creates itself, many of the resulting particles are deformed duds and can’t replicate further. The ones that can copy themselves are infective. The Kivu swarm, with its three new lineages of Ebola, may amount to about one or two quadrillion infective particles of the virus. If these particles were collected in one place, they would fill three teaspoons and would weigh about fifteen grams. That small space contains numberless genetic possibilities. The longer the outbreak is allowed to continue, the greater the chances that Ebola will mutate, get better at spreading in humans, and vastly enlarge its circle of victims.
Last edited by Skeeve on Thu Aug 08, 2019 3:29 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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Ebola virus is a microscopic parasite that replicates inside the cells of a host.
I love it when they cannot get the basic science correct.

--J.D.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by sparks »

Isn't that what viruses do? Take over some of the cellular machinery to make copies of themselves?
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Doctor X »

They are not a microscopic parasite.

–J.D.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by sparks »

I'm rather slow tonight.

Which part (or perhaps both) do you object to? 'Microscopic' or 'parasite'?

Little buggers can't be seen without an electron microscope which makes them microscopic and they do feed and reproduce by co-opting the hosts resources and, I believe that makes them parasitic.
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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If they are parasites then sharks are parasites.

Parasites do not co-opt a host's intracellular resources.

If you broaden the definition to cover viruses, then HONK!

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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

Post by Witness »

Ebola Is Now Curable. Here’s How the New Treatments Work

Amid unrelenting chaos and violence, scientists and doctors in the Democratic Republic of Congo have been running a clinical trial of new drugs to try to combat a year-long Ebola outbreak. On Monday, the trial’s cosponsors at the World Health Organization and the National Institutes of Health announced that two of the experimental treatments appear to dramatically boost survival rates.

While an experimental vaccine previously had been shown to shield people from catching Ebola, the news marks a first for people who already have been infected. “From now on, we will no longer say that Ebola is incurable,” said Jean-Jacques Muyembe, director general of the Institut National de Recherche Biomedicale in the DRC, which has overseen the trial’s operations on the ground.

Starting last November, patients in four treatment centers in the country’s east, where the outbreak is at its worst, were randomly assigned to receive one of four investigational therapies—either an antiviral drug called remdesivir or one of three drugs that use monoclonal antibodies. Scientists concocted these big, Y-shaped proteins to recognize the specific shapes of invading bacteria and viruses and then recruit immune cells to attack those pathogens. One of these, a drug called ZMapp, is currently considered the standard of care during Ebola outbreaks. It had been tested and used during the devastating Ebola epidemic in West Africa in 2014, and the goal was to see if those other drugs could outperform it. But preliminary data from the first 681 patients (out of a planned 725) showed such strong results that the trial has now been stopped.

Patients receiving Zmapp in the four trial centers experienced an overall mortality rate of 49 percent, according to Anthony Fauci, director of the NIH’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. (Mortality rates are in excess of 75 percent for infected individuals who don’t seek any form of treatment.) The monoclonal antibody cocktail produced by a company called Regeneron Pharmaceuticals had the biggest impact on lowering death rates, down to 29 percent, while NIAID’s monoclonal antibody, called mAb114, had a mortality rate of 34 percent. The results were most striking for patients who received treatments soon after becoming sick, when their viral loads were still low—death rates dropped to 11 percent with mAb114 and just 6 percent with Regeneron’s drug, compared with 24 percent with ZMapp and 33 percent with Remdesivir.
https://www.wired.com/story/ebola-is-no ... ents-work/

I hope it works as promised. :|
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Witness
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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Congo's Ebola outbreak marks grim milestone as death toll surpasses 2,000

An outbreak of the deadly Ebola virus in several provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has claimed more than 2,000 lives, the country's government said Friday, a grim milestone that underscores just how far health authorities are from stopping the year-old epidemic.

The Congolese government said it had identified 3,004 confirmed and probable cases of the virus, and 2,006 people had died. The actual numbers are likely far higher, as families hide their sick to escape stigma.

The outbreak is the largest in Congo's history, and the second largest in modern times, after an outbreak in three West African nations earlier this decade that killed more than 11,300 people. The number of cases in the current outbreak are three times as high as the total number of Ebola cases ever identified in nine previous outbreaks in Congo, dating back to 1976.

And despite a vaccine that has reached more than 207,000 people and two promising treatments for those who have contracted the virus, the mortality rate in the current outbreak — more than 67 percent — is far higher than the outbreak in West Africa.

"We have now lost more than 2,000 women, men, and children to the Ebola epidemic, and we are still in the race of our lives to stop the spread of the disease," said Whitney Elmer, who oversees the Ebola response team for the nongovernmental organization Mercy Corps.
https://thehill.com/policy/healthcare/4 ... asses-2000
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Witness
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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Congo has no known Ebola cases for 1st time since July 2018

Officials celebrate woman's release from hospital, caution 2nd-deadliest outbreak not officially over

The last patient being treated for Ebola in Congo was discharged on Tuesday, the World Health Organization (WHO) said, bringing the 19-month-old outbreak closer than ever to an end.

The patient's release from hospital in the eastern city of Beni, feted by hospital staff who sang, danced and drummed on trash cans, marks the first time there have been no active cases since the outbreak was declared at the start of August 2018.

In that period, the virus has killed 2,264 people and infected nearly 1,200 more, making it the second-worst Ebola outbreak in history. Only the 2013-16 epidemic in West Africa was deadlier, killing more than 11,000.

Congo has now gone 14 days without any new confirmed cases. The outbreak can be declared over once 42 days have passed without a new case — equivalent to two cycles of 21 days, the maximum incubation period for the virus.
https://www.cbc.ca/news/health/congo-eb ... -1.5483956

:)
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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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Who misses the good ol' days?
Yep, you totally outsmarted me ~ Wildcat.

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Re: The Official Ebola Thread

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Hotarubi wrote: Sun Mar 29, 2020 7:25 pm Who misses the good ol' days?
Racists.

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